Question: Are the verses that mention Allaah’s Attributes from the verses that are unclear (Mutashaabihaat) or clear (Muhkamaat)?
Answer: They fall under the unclear verses from one perspective, and that is with regard to the manner (of the Attributes), which are related to Allaah. And they do not fall under the unclear verses from any other perspective. This is such that they have clear meanings , i.e. they have meanings that are well known in the Arabic language.
So therefore, with regard to the manner of how the Attributes of Allaah are, they are unclear (Mutashaabihaat), since we are not able to know the manner of Allaah’s Dhaat (Essence). Hence, because of that, we are not able to know the manner of Allaah’s Attributes, since speaking about the Attributes falls under speaking about the Essence (Dhaat). This is why some of the scholars of hadeeth, such as Abu Bakr Al-Khateeb, said: “What is said concerning the Attributes is the same thing as what is said concerning the Essence: negating and affirming.”
So just as we affirm Allaah’s Essence and we do not negate it – for this negation would be an absolute denial (of Allaah’s existence) – then the same applies for Allaah’s Attributes. We affirm them and we don’t negate (deny) them. But just as we do not describe how Allaah’s Essence is, then likewise, we do not describe how His Attributes are. [Al-Asaalah, Issue #3]
Explanation of Ibn Taymiyyah’s Aqeedah al-Hamawiyyah by Shaykh Uthaymeen
One of the works on this subject is his “al‐Fatwaa al‐Hamawiyyah” which he wrote as an answer to a question presented to him. In it, he was asked what the scholars and Imaams of the religion say concerning the Aayaat and the Ahaadeeth of the Sifaat, or the attributes and characteristics of Allah.
The Fundamental Beliefs Held by Ahlul-Hadeeth
Know, may Allaah have mercy on us and you that the Math-hab of Ahlil-Hadeeth, the Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah is acknowledgment of Allaah, His Angels, His books and His Messengers, and acceptance of what has been spoken of in the book of Allaah, and what been authenticated from the narrations from the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم). There is no alteration of that which has been narrated from him and no room for rejection, since they were ordered with following the Book and Sunnah, and they are content with the guidance in them (the Book and Sunnah)