Maaliki Scholars In Defence of Ibn Taymiyyah & His Fatawa

Maaliki scholars in defence of Ibn Taymiyyah and his fatawa
a) Two Maaliki judges Shams ud din al-Tanoosi al Maaliki and Noor ud din al-Zawawi defended Ibn Taymiyyah
Ibn Kathir said:

فركب خيل البريد ليلة الثامن عشر من شوال ثم أرسلوا خلفه من الغد بريدا آخر فردوه وحضر عند قاضي القضاة ابن جماعة وعنده جماعة من الفقهاء.
فقال له بعضهم: إن الدولة ما ترضى إلا بالحبس، فقال القاضي: وفيه مصلحة له واستناب شمس الدين التونسي المالكي وأذن له أن يحكم عليه بالحبس فامتنع وقال: ما ثبت عليه شيء، فأذن لنور الدين الزواوي المالكي فتحير، فلما رأى الشيخ توقفهم في حبسه قال: أنا أمضي إلى الحبس وأتبع ما تقتضيه المصلحة، فقال نور الدين الزواوي: يكون في موضع يصلح لمثله فقيل له الدولة ما ترضى إلا بمسمى الحبس.
فأرسل إلى حبس القضاة في المكان الذي كان فيه تقي الدين ابن بنت الأعز حين سجن، وأذن له أن يكون عنده من يخدمه، وكان ذلك كله بإشارة نصر المنبجي لوجاهته في الدولة، فإنه كان قد استحوذ على عقل الجاشنكير الذي تسلطن فيما بعد، وغيره من الدولة، والسلطان مقهور معه، واستمر الشيخ في الحبس يستفتي ويقصده الناس ويزورونه. وتأتيه الفتاوى المشكلة التي لا يستطيعها الفقهاء من الأمراء وأعيان الناس، فيكتب عليها بما يحير العقول من الكتاب والسنة.

Shaykh (Ibn Taymiyyah) was brought to Cheif justice (Badr uddin) Ibn Jama and there were a group of jurists. Some of them said the state is satisfied only with your imprisonment. The Judge (Ibn Jama) said there is good for you in it and he made Shams ud din Tanoosi al Malaki his deputy and ordered him to give verdicts of jail for Ibn Taymiyyah. He rejected and said nothing is proven against him (Ibn Taymiyyah). Then Qadhi authorized Noor Uddin al-Zawawi al Maaliki (to give verdicts) who became confused. When shaykh (Ibn Taymiyyah) saw they will not stop then he said: I will go to jail and follow the requirements of interests. Noor ud din al Zawawi Maaliki said you should be in the place which suits you. But it was said to him the state will only satisfied with the jail. So Ibn Taymiyyah was sent to Jail… All of this occurred because of Nasr al-Manbaji who had good relations with the state. He captured the mind of Jahangir who became the Sultan. He also captured the minds of some other people of power. The sultan was in control of him. The shaykh remained in Jail, he used to give fatawa, people used to visit him and ask him problematic questions which other jurists and the leaders were unable to answer. He would answer those questions from Quran and Sunnah which will make the minds surprised [Al Bidaya wal Nihaya 14/62]
b) Muhammad bin Abdul Rahman Baghdadi al Maaliki (701 h to 767 h) from Madrassah ash-Shareefah al Musta suriyah stated in defense of traveling to visit the graves:

ما أجاب به الشيخ الأجل الأوحد بقية السلف وقدوة الخلف رئيس المحققين وخلاصة المدققين تقي الملة والحق والدين
من الخلاف في هذه المسألة صحيح منقول في غير ما كتاب من كتب أهل العلم لا اعتراض عليه في ذلك إذ ليس في ذلك ثلب لرسول الله ولا غض من قدره
وقد نص الشيخ أبو محمد الجويني في كتبه على تحريم السفر لزيارة القبور وهذا اختيار القاضي الإمام عياض بن موسى بن عياض في إكماله وهو من أفضل المتأخرين من أصحابنا
ومن المدونة ومن قال على المشي إلى المدينة أو بين المقدس فلا يأتيهما أصلا إلا أن يريد الصلاة في مسجديهما فليأتهما
فلم يجعل نذر زيارة قبره طاعة يجب الوفاء بها إذ من أصلنا أن من نذر طاعة لزمه الوفاء بها كان من جنسها ما هو واجب بالشرع كما هو مذهب أبي حنيفة أو لم يكن
قال القاضي أبو اسحق اسمعيل بن اسحق عقيب هذه المسألة ولولا الصلاة فيهما لما لزمه إتيانهما ولو كان نذر زيارة طاعة لما لزمه ذلك
وقد ذكر ذلك القيرواني في تقريبه والشيخ ابن سيرين في تنبيهه وفي المبسوط قال مالك ومن نذر المشي إلى مسجد من المساجد ليصلي فيه قال فإني أكره ذلك له لقوله لاتعمل المطي إلا إلى ثلاثة مساجد المسجد الحرام ومسجد بيت المقدس ومسجدي هذا وروى محمد بن المواز في الموازية إلا أن يكون قريبا فيلزمه الوفاء لأنه ليس بشد رحل
وقد قال الشيخ أبو عمر بن عبد البر في كتابه التمهيد يحرم على المسلمين أن يتخذوا قبور الأنبياء والصالحين مساجد
وحيث تقرر هذا فلا يجوز أن ينسب من أجاب في هذه المسألة بأنه سفر منهي عنه إلى الكفر فمن كفره بذلك من غير موجب فإن كان مستبيحا ذلك فهو كافر وإلا فهو فاسق
قال الإمام أبو عبد الله محمد بن علي المازري في كتاب المعلم من كفر أحدا من أهل القبلة فإن كان مستبيحا ذلك فقد كفر وإلا فهو فاسق يجب على الحاكم إذا رفع أمره إليه أن يؤدبه ويعزره بما يكون رادعا لأمثاله فإن ترك مع القدرة عليه فهو آثم والله تعالى أعلم أه

He quoted Abu Muhammad Juwaini and Qaadi Iyaad regarding the prohibition of traveling to visit the graves. He also quoted Qadhi Ismaeel bin Ishaq Maliki (d 282 h), Imam Maalik, Muhammad bin al Mawaz, Ibn Abdul Barr, al Maazari, Shaykh Ibn Sireen, al Madawana in favor of Ibn Taymiyyah [, Al uqood ad-Durriyah 1/45, al Kawakib ad-Durruiyah 163-165]
This Maaliki scholar was pious and well versed as said by Muhammad Makhloof and Abu Al-Abbaas Al-Hilaali Al-Filaali who wrote his biography.
Muhammad Makhloof wrote a short biography on him in his book Shajarat An-Noor Az-Zakiyyah fi Tabaqaat Al-Maalikiyyah, He wrote,

“The polymath, well-versed, and ingenious scholar, the one who raised the banner of the Maaliki school in Iraq; he was a devout worshipper and one of the refined ascetic scholars. He studied at the hands of his father and other scholars. He authored many books, among them a commentary on Al-Irshaad written by his father, Sharh Mukhtasar Ibn Al-Haajib Al-Asli and Al-Fari; he also wrote a lengthy Tafseer and a commentary on Ilm Al-Khilaaf (science of legal differences among jurists) and other books in different areas of knowledge. He was born in 701 AH and passed away in 767 AH.”
see his biography on Islam web Fatwa No : 290407

Posted on our facebook page by brother Asim ul-Haq

Celebrating Mawlid an-Nabawi [Collection of PDF Books, MP3 Audios, Videos & Articles]

More coming soon insha’Allaah

Books

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Celebrating the Birthday of the Prophet (ﷺ) by Saleh al-Fawzaan
why is milad un-nabi a bidah innovation? Shaykh Motiur Rahman West Bengal Ahle hadith bangladesh Ruling on celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (ﷺ) by Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
Ibn Taymiyyah Taymeeyah hajr Al-Asqalani Celebrating the Prophet’s Birthday – Excerpts from Works by a Numerous Scholars
Abu Iyaad Amjad Rafiq The Mawlid Is a Bidah Not Practised by the Salaf – Taj al-Din al-Fakihani
Aboo Iyaad The Baatinee Ismaa’eeli Ubaydiyyah of Egypt Innovated the Celebration of the Mawlid


Audio

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  • Birthday Of The Prophet ﷺ by Bilal Philips
  • Q & A with Bilal Philips
  • A lecture then Q & A by Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips

  • মিলাদুন্নবী কেন বিদআত / Why is Milad un Nabi
  • Audio lecture Bangla/বাংলা by Shaykh Mu’teeur-Rahman Madani
    The Shaykh explains how the mawlid crept into the Ummah and which sect was involved also he refutes the innovaters who claim that the proof of the milad is in the Qur’an.

    Articles

    The Mawlid Papers from AhlulHadeeth Blog

    1. The Milaad – A Caution Against Innovation, By Imaam Abdul Azeez Ibn Baaz
    2. Haafidh Muhaddith Muhammad Ghondalwee Refuting Suyootees book on Mawlid
    3. Celebrating The Prophets Birthday On An Incorrect Date Just Like The Christians Do With Jesus – Shaikh Muhammad Munir Qammar
    4. Are the Celebrations of Mawlid of the Messenger of Allaah (Sallalahu Alayhee Wasallam) For his Birth or His Death? – Shaikh Muhammad Muneer Qammar
    5. The Sharee’ah Ruling Concerning the Customary Practice of Mawlid un-Nabee (Sallalahu Alayhee Wasallam) in Light of the Quraan & Sunnah
    6. Celebrating Mawlid (Milaad) In Light of the Understanding of The Companions, the Successors and their Successors And The 4 Imaams.
    7. An Analysis Of The Proofs Of The Proponents of Mawlid un-Nabee – Proofs 1-3
    8. An Analysis Of The Proofs Of The Proponents of Mawlid un-Nabee – The 4th and 5th Proof
    9. An Analysis Of The Proofs Of The Proponents of Mawlid un-Nabee – The 6th Proof

    Video

    Ramadaan Audio & Books

    Lessons on Fasting, Taraweeh & Zakaat

    Lessons on Fasting, Taraweeh & Zakaat


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    by Muhammad Bin Salih Al-Uthaymeen
    Translated by Abu Maryam Islmaeel Alarcon Lessons on Fasting, Taraweeh & zakaat: contains numerous beneficial points. Itis divided up into eight sections, which were designed to serve as lessons on distinct topics commonly talked about during the month of Ramadan.


    The Nature Of Fasting

    The Nature Of Fasting


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    By Shaykhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah

    The Nature Of Fasting: This book will help the reader better understand the fine points about fasting. like; What is the nature of the things that break the fast? What are the rules by which one can know the difference between what breaks the fast and what does not


    Concearning Taraweeh

    Concearning Taraweeh


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    By Shaykh Ibn Baaz

    ….due to a lack of understanding of what is permissible in the Taraweeh and what is not, the prayer may even become a matter of tension; differences become apparent and views are expressed. Personal ideologies start to interfere with the general benefit of the people, and thus, the whole purpose of the prayer is destroyed.

    So we deemed it to be in best interest to publish this small but extremely beneficial treatise, as a series of fataawah by our late beloved sheikh, Sheikh Abdul-Azeez bin Baaz, may Allah raise him amongst the prophets and righteous. This treatise clearly demonstrates his wisdom in dealing with affairs which may be points of dispute in the Taraaweeh. He sheds light upon many issues in respect to their permissibility, and one may even find that some issues have much more flexibility than is perceived.


    70 Matters Related to Fasting

    70 Matters Related to Fasting


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    A summary of the rulings, etiquette and Sunnah of fasting.

    by Muhammad Salih al-Munajjid


    Rulings pertaining to Ramadaan

    Rulings pertaining to Ramadaan


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    by Muhammad Salih al-Munajjid

    A compilation of five works dealing with fasting, Taraaweeh, I’tikaaf, Zakaat-ul-Fitr, and Eid.


    Essentials of Ramadan

    Essentials of Ramadan


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    by Tajuddin B. Shuaib
    This is an in-depth resume of the essential rules and laws on the Fiqh of fasting designed to provide the reader with explanation for both spiritual and physical significance and uniqueness of this remarkable act of worship. Sheikh Shu`aib clarifies major point on fasting. His focus is relevance of this divine discipline on to the life and living as well as the interpretation of related text on Fasting based on Al-Qur`an and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saas). This book serves as a guide and reference on courses on Islamic studies.


    The Fast by Jafar Idris
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    Laylatul Qadr – Night of Decree


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    Dr. Saleh as-Saleh

    Laylatul Qadr – Night of Decree: it is a night that is better than 1000 months! What are the merits of this night? How did the prophet prepared for this night? Which night is exactly this night? And, many others questions that will be answered in this lecture.


    Benefits of Ramadan

    Benefits of Ramadan Shaykh Ali al-Tamimi


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    By Ali At-Timimi (May Allah hasten his release from prison..ameen).
    In the month of Ramadaan it is very important that we spent a few moments to understand some of the wisdoms and lessons that we can learn from this month of fasting. Unfortunately, many Muslims come in to this month and they are as a companion of the Prophet, peace be upon him, said: “Let it not be that the day that you fast and the day that you break fast be equal.”


    Eating Habits in Ramadan

    Eating Habits in Ramadan


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    By Kamal El-Mekki
    The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) addressed his companions on the last day of Sha`ban, saying, “Oh people! A great month has come over you; a blessed month; a month in which is a night better than a thousand months; month in which Allah has made it compulsory upon you to fast by day, and voluntary to pray by night. Whoever draws nearer (to Allah) by performing any of the (optional) good deeds in (this month) shall receive the same reward as performing an obligatory deed at any other time, and whoever discharges an obligatory deed in (this month) shall receive the reward of performing seventy obligations at any other time. It is the month of patience, and the reward of patience is Heaven. It is the month of charity, and a month in which a believer’s sustenance is increased. Whoever gives food to a fasting person to break his fast, shall have his sins forgiven, and he will be saved from the Fire of Hell, and he shall have the same reward as the fasting person, without his reward being diminished at all.” [Narrated by Ibn Khuzaymah]


    Obstacles that Prevent One from Making Repentance

    Obstacles that Prevent One from Making Repentance Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyah


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    Taken from the book at-Tawbah
    By the great Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah
    Translated by Taalib bin Tyson

    لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له / Laa ilaha ‘illa Allaahu wahdahu la shareeka lahu

    The Messenger of Allaah -صلى الله عليه وسلم – said :

    Whoever says :

    لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك وله الحمد، وهو على كل شيء قدير

    Laa ilaha ‘illa Allaahu wahdahu la shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shayin qadeer

    ‘There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah Alone, He has no partners, to Him belongs the Dominion and for Him is all praise, and He is capable of all things.’

    one hundred times in one day, then it is equivalent to, him freeing ten slaves, and a hundred good deeds are written for him, and a hundred bad deeds are erased, and it is a protection for him against shaytaan during that day until the evening, and no one comes with a better deed than him except for the man who does more actions than him.

    ―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――

    Taken from Kalimah at-Tayyib of Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah
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    سبحان الله وبحمده / Subhana Allahi wa bihamdihi

    Whoever says :

    ‘سبحان الله وبحمده’

    ‘Subhana Allahi wa bihamdihi’
    (Far is Allaah from imperfection and praise is for Him)

    one hundred times in one day, then his mistakes / sins are cancelled out, even if they are like the foam on the ocean.

    ―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――

    Taken from Kalimah at-Tayyib of Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah
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    Gaining Rewards

    Gaining Rewards by Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyah


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    This book consists of authentic hadeeth from the book of shaykh ulIslaam Ibn Taymeeyah – may Allaah have mercy upon him – called al-kalima at-Tayib. All of the hadeeth mentioned in this pamphlet are graded authentic from the research of Shaykh al-Albaani – may Allaah have mercy upon him.

    Ibn Taymeeyah’s Letters from Prison {Download PDF}

    Shaykhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyahs Letters from Prison


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    Letter One The letter of Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah to his mother
    Letter Two This is the first of two letters especially written for the benefit of his students and brothers in Damascus
    The letter of Shaykh ul Islam from his prison in Alexandria to his companions
    Letter Seven: The letter of the Imaam of the Muttaqeen, Ibn Taymeeyah to the King of Cyprus

    Ibn Taymiyyah Expounds On Islaam


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    This is the english book “Ibn Tamiyyah Expounds on Islam” – A book of various fataawaa on Islamic faith, life and society. Translated by Muhammad Abdul Haqq Ansari and printed by The Institute of Islamic and Arabic Sciences in America (IIASA).

    IslamFuture.com