Napoleon and the French Army supported and Aided Celebrations of Mawlid

It is mentioned by Herold regarding Celebration of Mawlid and Napoleon.
The Cairo notables seemed that they were not going to keep the festival. Napoleon therefore encouraged them, providing both a place and funding. Cairo celebrated for three days –sufis danced in the streets until they fell over from exhaustion, the French soldiers had fanfares and fireworks. During this time, Bonaparte was the guest of the sheikh Al Bakri. ‘In his black uniform, buttoned up to the neck, he made stark contrast with the sheikhs in their ceremonial robes, turbans, nodding to the rhythm of the verses of the Koran and telling their beads’ (Herold, J.C., Bonaparte en Egypte, 1962).
This was also mentioned in عجائب الآثار في التراجم والأخبار by Abdul Rahman Jabarti (1756 – 1825) who lived at the time of Napoleon,
He said when he was talking about the events of 1213 h the month of Rabi al Awwal, when Napolean came to Egypt.

وفيه سأل صاري العسكر عن المولد النبوي ولماذا لم يعملوه كعادتهم فاعتذر الشيخ البكري
بتعطيل الأمور وتوقف الأحوال فلم يقبل وقال لابد من ذلك وأعطى له ثلثمائة ريال فرانسا معاونة وأمر بتعلق تعاليق وأحبال وقناديل واجتمع الفرنساوية يوم المولد ولعبوا ميادينهم وضربوا طبولهم ودبادبهم وأرسل الطبلخانة الكبيرة الى بيت الشيخ البكري واستمروا يضربونها بطول النهار والليل بالبركة تحت داره وهي عبارة عن طبلات كبار مثل طبلات النوبة التركية وعدة آلات ومزامير مخلفة الأصوات مطربة وعملوا في الليل حراقة نفوط مختلفة وسواريخ تصعد في الهواء.

which roughly translated as
When the commander of army asked (Shaykh al Bakri) regarding birthday of Prophet peace be upon him, that why it has been stopped when it was your habit to celebrate? Shaykh al Bakri excused because of delaying in the matters. He did not accept his excuse and aided the shaykh with three hundred french currency saying it is must to celebrate, and ordered for fireworks and Lamps. The French gathered on the day of Mawlid and played the Tabal (The drum). And a drum was sent to the house of shaykh al Bakri and played it day and night.. That was a huge Tabal like the Nauba (a Musical instrument) made in turkey, There were other musical instruments as well and different types of fluets…. [عجائب الآثار في التراجم والأخبار under the events of 1213 h, the month of Rabi al Awwal, courtesy br Abdul Raheem Salafi]

Shaykh Saalih al Munajjid said:
During the French occupation of Egypt, Napoleon ordered that people should celebrate the Mawlid, and he donated to this project himself and attended it personally, because it entails opposing Islaamic legislation and included mixing between men and women, and is a form of following desires and committing prohibitions. (Taareekh Al-Jabarti 306/2) He established it on the grounds of corrupting people’s faith, and some of those who celebrate the Mawlid are mercenaries who are there in order to make money out of this celebration, while others are common people who imitate others and seek to fulfill their religious emotions even if it is through an innovation. [end quote]

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Celebrating Mawlid an-Nabawi [Collection of PDF Books, MP3 Audios, Videos & Articles]

More coming soon insha’Allaah

Books

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Celebrating the Birthday of the Prophet (ﷺ) by Saleh al-Fawzaan
why is milad un-nabi a bidah innovation? Shaykh Motiur Rahman West Bengal Ahle hadith bangladesh Ruling on celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (ﷺ) by Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
Ibn Taymiyyah Taymeeyah hajr Al-Asqalani Celebrating the Prophet’s Birthday – Excerpts from Works by a Numerous Scholars
Abu Iyaad Amjad Rafiq The Mawlid Is a Bidah Not Practised by the Salaf – Taj al-Din al-Fakihani
Aboo Iyaad The Baatinee Ismaa’eeli Ubaydiyyah of Egypt Innovated the Celebration of the Mawlid


Audio

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  • Birthday Of The Prophet ﷺ by Bilal Philips
  • Q & A with Bilal Philips
  • A lecture then Q & A by Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips

  • মিলাদুন্নবী কেন বিদআত / Why is Milad un Nabi
  • Audio lecture Bangla/বাংলা by Shaykh Mu’teeur-Rahman Madani
    The Shaykh explains how the mawlid crept into the Ummah and which sect was involved also he refutes the innovaters who claim that the proof of the milad is in the Qur’an.

    Articles

    The Mawlid Papers from AhlulHadeeth Blog

    1. The Milaad – A Caution Against Innovation, By Imaam Abdul Azeez Ibn Baaz
    2. Haafidh Muhaddith Muhammad Ghondalwee Refuting Suyootees book on Mawlid
    3. Celebrating The Prophets Birthday On An Incorrect Date Just Like The Christians Do With Jesus – Shaikh Muhammad Munir Qammar
    4. Are the Celebrations of Mawlid of the Messenger of Allaah (Sallalahu Alayhee Wasallam) For his Birth or His Death? – Shaikh Muhammad Muneer Qammar
    5. The Sharee’ah Ruling Concerning the Customary Practice of Mawlid un-Nabee (Sallalahu Alayhee Wasallam) in Light of the Quraan & Sunnah
    6. Celebrating Mawlid (Milaad) In Light of the Understanding of The Companions, the Successors and their Successors And The 4 Imaams.
    7. An Analysis Of The Proofs Of The Proponents of Mawlid un-Nabee – Proofs 1-3
    8. An Analysis Of The Proofs Of The Proponents of Mawlid un-Nabee – The 4th and 5th Proof
    9. An Analysis Of The Proofs Of The Proponents of Mawlid un-Nabee – The 6th Proof

    Video

    The Ruling of Celebrating the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) Birthday

    Transalated by: Mohamed Mansour

    The sheikh has been asked as in “Fatawa sheikh Mohammad Al Salih Al Othaimeen”, prepared and organized by Ashraf Abdel Maksoud (1 / 126)

    What is the ruling of celebrating the prophet’s birthday?

    He answered:

    We see that one’s faith can’t be perfected until he loves the messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and glorifies him with what he should glorify him with, and with what is suitable for him (صلى الله عليه وسلم), and there is no doubt that the sending of the messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and I don’t say his birth, but his sending as he wasn’t a messenger until he was sent, as people of knowledge have said, he has been informed by Iqra’ (Surah Al-‘Alaq) and has been sent by Al-Muddaththir (Surah Al-Muddaththir), and there is no doubt that his sending is a benefit to the whole mankind as Allah has said: Say (O Mohammad, صلى الله عليه وسلم) “O mankind!, verily I am sent to you all as the messenger of Allah, to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. None has the right to be worshiped but he. It is he who gives life and causes death. So believe in Allah and his messenger, the prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e. Mohammad, صلى الله عليه وسلم), who believes in Allah and his words, and follow him so that you may be guided.” Al-‘Araf: 158.

    And if he was so, then as a part of our glorification, respect, and politeness towards him, and as a part of taking him as a leader and someone to follow, is not to exceed than the worships he has legislated for us, because the messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) died and there was nothing good for his nation but he has showed it and has ordered us to do, and there was nothing evil for his Ummah, but he has clarified it and warned us from. So, as we believe in him as a leader and someone to follow, we don’t have the right to celebrate his birth or his sending, as celebration means happiness, joy, and showing glorification, and all these things are types of worship that get us closer to Allah, so we are not allowed to legislate in worships but what Allah and his messenger has legislated. So, celebrating the birthday is considered innovation, and the prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Every innovation is misguidance.” He has said this is general word, and he (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is the best to know what he says, the most eloquent in what he speaks, and the most advising in what he guides to, there is no doubt in this, and the messenger hasn’t excluded anything of the innovations that is not misguidance, and it is well known that misguidance is the opposite of guidance. That’s why The Al-Nasa’i reported another narration: “Every misguidance is in hellfire”, therefore if celebrating his birthday (صلى الله عليه وسلم) one of the things liked by Allah and his messenger, then it would have been permissible, and if it was permissible, then it would have been preserved, as Allah has ensured preserving his rulings, and if it was preserved, the guided caliphs, the companions, their followers and those who followed would have left it. Since they haven’t done anything of this, it has been know that this is not a part of the religion of Allah, and what I advice the Muslims in general with, is not to avoid such things whose legality haven’t been proved neither by the Qur’an nor by the traditions of the messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم), nor in the deeds of the companions, and to pay attention to what is clear in the rulings as known obligatory and preferable deeds, and in it there is sufficiency and reform of the individual and the society.

    And if you looked carefully into the conditions of those who are fond of such innovations, you will find them reluctant not only in doing preferable deeds, but also in doing duties and obligations. This is a part from the exaggeration in the prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) that is found in these celebrations, that leads to the major shirk (making partners with Allah) which causes one to get outside the religion, and that the messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) have fought people for it, and have made their bloods, money, and property lawful. We hear that there are some poems that are said during these celebrations that surely causes one to get out of the religion, as they repeat the saying of the Busiri:

    O the most honored creature, who can I seek for refuge

    But you, when a great accident happens to me

    If you weren’t to take my hand on the day of resurrection

    Shaking it, then say “Oh, foot slips!”

    Among your generosity are this life and the other one

    And among your knowledge is the knowledge of the tablet and the pen

    Such attributes are due only to Allah, and I am astonished by who says such words. If he understands what he is saying, then how can he justify saying to the prophet: “Among you generosity is this life and the other one”, and “Among” here is stating that it is part of his generosity, and “the other one” is the hereafter. So, if this life and the one to come is among the generosity of the messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم), and not all his generosity, then what is left for Allah, for sure, nothing would have been left, neither in this life nor in the hereafter. And also “And among your knowledge is the knowledge of he tablet and the pen”, and “Among” here is stating that it is part of his knowledge, and I don’t know what will be left for Allah, if we talked to the messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) with such speech.

    And wait my Muslim brother… If you fear Allah, then give the messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) the degree Allah has given to him. He is the slave of Allah and his messenger, so say “Slave of Allah, and his messenger”. And believe in what Allah has commanded him to convey to all mankind: Say (O Mohammad, صلى الله عليه وسلم) “I don’t tell you that with me are the treasures of Allah, nor (that) I know the unseen; nor that I tell you I am an angel. I but follow what is revealed to me.” Al-An’am: 50, and what Allah has commanded him with when he said: Say (O Mohammad, صلى الله عليه وسلم) “It is not in my power to cause you harm, or to bring you to the right path.” Al-Jinn: 21, and in addition to that: Say (O Mohammad, صلى الله عليه وسلم) “None can protect me from Allah’s punishment (if I were to disobey him), nor can I find refuge except in him.” Al-Jinn: 22, even if Allah wants to do something to the messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم), no one can protect him from Allah.

    So, the net result of these festivals or celebrations of the prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) birthday, is not just limited to being an innovation in the religion, but also other bad things are added to it and can lead to major shirk.

    Moreover, from what we have heard, there is intermixing between men and women, and there is clapping and using Duff (one-sided drum), etc.. and other bad things that no believer can have doubt in condemning them, and we are satisfied with what Allah and his messenger have legislated for us, as in it is the reform of the hearts, countries, and people.

    (Fatawa sheikh Mohammad Al Salih Al Othaimeen”, prepared and organized by Ashraf Abdel Maksoud  [1 / 126] )