بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم
السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته
Seek Istighfaar For Your Sins And Have Taqwaa
“So be afraid of Allaah; and Allaah teaches you. And Allaah is the All Knower of each and everything.” 2:282
Rasoolullaah said, “By Allaah, I seek forgiveness and I repent to Allaah more than seventy times a day.” He also said, “O people repent! Verily I repent to Allaah one hundred times a day.” Muslim 4/2076
The Prophet also said, “Whoever says, Astaghfirullaahal-ladhee Laa Ilaaha Illaa Huwal Hayyul Qayyoomu wa atoobu ilaihi, Allaah would forgive him even is he was one who fled during the advance of an army.” Meaning: “I seek Allaah’s forgiveness, besides whom none has the right to be worshipped (in truth) except HE, The Ever Living, The Self Subsisting and Supporter of all, and I turn to HIM in repentance.” At Tirmidhee 5/569 Al Haakim authenticated it, Imaam Adh Dhahabee agreed.
Have Sincere Intentions
Sufyaan Ath-Thawree , said,“We do not know of anything better than seeking knowledge with (a sincere) intention (for the sake of Allaah).” Siyar A’laam an-Nubalaa. – Vol. 7, Pg 244
Jaabir narrated that Allaah’s Messenger said: “Do not acquire knowledge in order to compete with the scholars, nor to argue with the ignorant, nor to gain mastery over the gatherings. Since whoever does that, then, The Fire! The Fire!” Reported by Ibn Maajah (254) and others. This hadeeth has a witness from the hadeeth of Ka’b ibn Maalik reported by at-Tirmidhee (2654) and others and also from the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah reported by Ahmad (2/338) and others.
Seek Refuge In Allaah From Ash Shaytaan
Allaah ‘Azza Wa Jall said,
“So when you want to recite the Qur’aan, seek refuge with Allaah from Shaytaan (Satan), the outcast (the cursed one).” An-Nahl 16:98
Guidelines For Acquiring ‘Ilm
Imaam Ash Shaafi’ee said, “I complained to Al Waakee’ about poorness of my memory, so he directed me to abandon disobedience. He informed me that Knowledge of Allaah is Light, the Light of Allaah doesn’t guide the disobedient.”
There are 6 matters to acquire ‘ilm:
• Companionship of a teacher and
• A long time
lbn Mas’ood said: “Indeed I hold that a person forgets knowledge that he used to know because of sins that he commits.”
Wakee’ (d.197H) said: “I seek help in memorization by abandoning sin and disobedience.”
Maalik (d.179H) said to Ash-Shaaf’ee when they first met: “Indeed I see that Allaah has placed a light upon your heart so do not extinguish it with the darkness of disobedience and sin.”
Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee (d.204H) said:“Whosoever loves that Allaah Should open up his heart for him and grant light to him, then let him abandon speech about that which does not concern him, and abandon sins and turn away from acts of disobedience. Then there will be between him and Allaah a hidden treasure of good actions. So if this is done, then Allaah will open up such knowledge for him, that will pre-occupy him. And indeed in death is the greatest pre-occupation.”
Study before and (or) after Salaatul Fajr. Allaah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’Aalaa said,
“Verily, the rising by night (for Salaatut Tahajjud) is very hard and most potent and good for governing oneself and more suitable for understanding the Word of Allaah.” 73:6
This is the best time to study and memorize. The Prophet said, “The nearest the LORD comes to HIS servant is in the middle of the night, so if you are able to be of those who remember Allaah at that time, thenbe so. At Tirmidhee 3/183
Keep good, pious, studious companions. Maalik Ibn Anas said, “Whoever does not love knowledge, then there is no good in him. So, there should not be any acquaintance between you and him, and nor any friendship.” Al Khateeb in Al Faqeeh Wal Mutafaqqih Volume 1, Page 15, Mabaahith fee Ahkaam Al Fatwa Page 12.
Sufyaan Ath Thawree said, “Hence you must take to the original affair, hold tight to it, and you should take to being unknown, for indeed this is the age to remain unknown. And take to remaining aloof, secluded, and associating little with the people, because when people used to meet, some of them would benefit the others. But as for today, then that has gone and in our view, salvation lies in abandoning them. Related by Aboo Nu’aym in Al-Hilyah (6/376-377)
Shaykh Fawzee Al Atharee, said that apples, and grapes (raisins) increases the memory. White raisins are better than the brown ones.
Al Hijaamah: Cupping also known as bloodletting (phlebotomy). Cupping increases the memory tremendously. Al Hijaamah is a cure for ALL illnesses:
Saheehul Muslim: Book of Transactions #3830 – On the authority of Humaid, that Anas Ibn Malik was asked about the earnings of the cupper, he said that the Prophet got himself cupped. The cupper was Abu Taiba, the Prophet commanded (someone) to give him 2 sa’a of corn. He talked to his family, and they lightened the burden of tax for him. He said, “The best treatment that you can take is cupping.”
In another narration, the Prophet said that healing is found in 3, cupping, a gulp of honey and cauterization (branding with fire). I forbid my followers to use cauterization. Bukhaaree 5317 in the Book of Medicine.
Shaykh Fawzee recommends the new cupping kits (pumps), as they are safer (no fire needed).
Do not practice Hijaamah unless you are qualified to do so.
Aboo Dawood 39/4570: ‘Abdul ‘Azeez ibn ‘Umar ibn ‘Abdul ‘Azeez said, “Some people of the deputation which came to my father reported the Prophet of Allaah as saying, Any physician who practices medicine when he was not known as a practitioner before that and he harms (the patients) he will be held responsible. ‘Abdul ‘Azeez said, Here physician does not refer to a man by qualification. It means opening a vein, incision and cauterization.
Shaykh Abu Anas was asked about Hijaamah, and replied by saying that it is not a Sunnah of the Prophet it is a medical practice.
Rest & Exercise
Get plenty of rest, exercise and water. All these things help your overall well being. You can not retain much if you are tired. Rest, water (healthy diet) and exercise revitalizes you and increases your energy and mental perception. Study in a place that is quiet (if you can). This way you can focus completely. If you can’t set aside a full hour to study, begin small, try 10 – 15 minutes a day Bi Idhnillaah. Keep to your study schedule as much as possible.
Al Miswak (Siwak)
Miswak literally means tooth brushing stick. Miswak is the root of the Arak tree (salvadora persica), more commonly known as the ‘toothbrush tree’. The Arak grows in Saudi ‘Arabia, Sudan, Southern Egypt, Chad and Eastern parts of India. In other parts of the Muslim world where the Arak tree is not found, other trees are used for the same purpose. Strips of bark are used in Morocco and the Nim tree in India.
Ahadeeth From Saheehul Bukhaaree Regarding Miswak
Narrated Abu Hurairah, the Prophet said, ‘If I had not found it hard for my followers or the people, I would have ordered them to clean their teeth with siwak for every prayer.” Kitaabus Salaatul Jumu’ah #845
Anas that the Prophet said, “I have told you repeatedly to use the Siwak.” He put emphasis on using Siwak. Kitaabus Salaatul Jumu’ah #846
‘Aaishah said, “The Prophet died in my house on the day of my turn while he was leaning on my chest closer to my neck, and Allaah made my saliva mix with his Saliva. ‘Aaishah added, ‘Abdur Rahman came with a siwak and the Prophet was too weak to use it so I took it, chewed it and then gave it to him and he cleaned his teeth with it.” The Book of 1/5 of War Booty # 2890
Miswak Improves The Memory & More
Dental research has discovered interesting information about the miswak. Chemical analysis revealed that it contains a total of 19 natural substances which are beneficial to dental health. Its natural antiseptics have a bactericidal action, killing harmful micro-organisms in the mouth, the tannic acid it contains has astringent qualities which protect the gums from disease, and its aromatic oils increase salivation. Because of its built-in antiseptics, the miswak needs no cleaning, and because its bristles are parallel to the handle rather than perpendicular, it can reach more easily between the teeth, where a conventional toothbrush often misses. The Miswak improves one’s memory as well.
Az-Zuhree, said: Indeed knowledge departs due to forgetfulness and leaving off revising. Siyar A’laam an-Nubalaa. – Vol. 5, Pg 337. It may help you to do the following:
1. Read from the same book, (same mushaf, matn, etc) every time you study. Constant use of the same book creates a picture in your memory. You will able to close your eyes and see the image of the page as clear as the actual book, In Shaa Allaah.
2. Try writing out the aayat, ahaadeeth, or parts of the matn three to five times a day, and say each word as you write it out. This will increase your memory, strengthen your vocabulary, spelling, pronunciation, and penmanship of the ‘Arabic language. Start off small. Date each entry. This will allow you to see your study habits. Do not cheat yourself.
3. If you have a voice recorder, then record your recitation (no peeking). Check your recitation by playing back the tape and follow it with the text. Listen carefully. Be sure that every Fathah, Dhammah, Kasrah, etc., are in place, In Shaa Allaah. It helps to have someone familiar with the ‘Arabic language (and the various texts) listen to your recitation just incase you do not pick up on your own errors.
4. Listen to a proficient recitor of whatever it is that you are studying. If you have a cd player, put it on repeat. The repetition helps tremendously. Do not stress over trying to memorize things. Allow the cd to play while you are cooking, cleaning, etc. You will find that after hearing the recitation about three or four times, some words you can actually say along with the recitor without much effort.
5. Share what you have learned with others. Teaching is a form of revision. Ibn Hazam Al-Andalusee mentions: A man who is a miser with his knowledge is worse than a man who is a miser with his money, for the money miser is afraid of using up what he possesses, but the knowledge miser is being mean with something which does not get used up and is not lost when it is given away. (Al-Akhlaaq Was-Siyar)
6. Take advantage of your youth. Hasan Al-Basree said: Seeking knowledge when one is young, is like etching on a stone. The narrator said, “In other words, the knowledge which one memorizes when one is young will be so strong in one’s memory, that it is as if it had been etched on a stone, Wallaahu Aa’lam.” Mabaahith fee Ahkaam Al-Fatwa – Page 28
7. Attend the gatherings of dhikr as much as you are able. Do not allow Ash Shaytaan to divert you by whispering excuses to you like “its raining,” or “it’s hot outside.” The Salaf would walk (and sometimes crawl) in the desert heat for long periods of time for one hadeeth, becoming tired, dehydrated, and fainting along the way. This shows us the love, zeal and respect that they had for seeking knowledge.
8. Take ‘ilm from the trustworthy only. Muhammad Ibn Sareen said, “Indeed this ‘ilm is the Religion, so look and see from whom you are taking your Religion.” He also said, “They had not used to ask about the chain of narration but when the fitnah (the fabrication of hadeeth) occurred they said, “Name your men to us.” So, as for Ahlus Sunnah, then their narrations would be accepted, and as for Ahlul Bid’ah, their narrations would not be accepted. (Introduction of Imaam Muslim in his Saheeh with a saheeh isnaad.)
9. Do not be shy when seeking ‘ilm. The Messenger of Allaah said: “One who is shy will never gain knowledge, nor one who is proud.” The narrator adds, “What is implied here is one who is shy of asking questions, Wallaahu Aa’lam.” Bukhaaree, Mabaahith fee Ahkaam Al-Fatwa – Page 25
10. Be patient while seeking ilm.
Do Not Take ‘Ilm From Four
Shaykh Fawzee Al Atharee said, “Do not take ‘ilm from four,” A fool, a liar, a person of desires and one who has goodness and virtue but he doesn’t know what he is talking about. (Take from the recorded lecture, “Who is the innovator.” 06/23/02)
Seek ‘Ilm And Allaah Will Raise Your Rank
Shaykh Saalih As Suhaymee said, The word Soorah means chapter, elevation and height. The reader moves from one stage to another. Aayah means sign or pause. It’s a wonder because mankind is unable to produce something like it. The plural form of aayah is aayat, aayy, and aayay.
Shaykh ‘Uthaymeen said, “There is no comparison between one who has knowledge and one who does not, just as there is no comparison between the living and the dead, and one who hears and one who is deaf, and one who can see and one who is blind. Knowledge is light with which one is guided, and with it removes one from the darkness (of ignorance) to the light (of knowledge, i.e. Islaam). With knowledge, Allaah raises the ranks of whom He wishes from His creation.” Kitaabul-’Ilm.
Allaah has said,
“Allaah will exalt in degree those of you who believe, and those who have been granted knowledge.” Mujaadalah, aayah 11.
“And Say, My Lord Increase Me in Knowledge.” 20/114